Exciting YA Action/Adventure: The Student and the Slave

Hi guys! I’m honored to be a part of the blog tour for Annie Douglass Lima’s upcoming book: The Student and the Slave.  I loved the first book in this series: The Collar and the Cavvarach. I didn’t find this series until recently, so I’ve just started the second one. But I have every faith that books two and three will be wonderful.

It’s a fantasy series that takes place in an alternate reality, similar to ours, but with enough differences to make you think: a very prominent system of slavery, for one. They also have this fascinating martial art sport known as cavvara shil, which plays a prominent part in the story. If that sounds at all intriguing (it is), then you definitely need to give this series a try! Here’s a bit about books one and two:

Book 1: The Collar and the Cavvarach

Bensin, a teenage slave and martial artist, is desperate to see his little sister freed. But only victory in the Krillonian Empire’s most prestigious tournament will allow him to secretly arrange for Ellie’s escape. Dangerous people are closing in on her, however, and Bensin is running out of time. With his one hope fading quickly away, how can Bensin save Ellie from a life of slavery and abuse?

Click here to read chapter 1 of The Collar and the Cavvarach.
Click here to read about life in the Krillonian Empire, where the series is set.

Book 2: The Gladiator and the Guard

Bensin, a teenage slave and martial artist, is just one victory away from freedom. But after he is accused of a crime he didn’t commit, he is condemned to the violent life and early death of a gladiator. While his loved ones seek desperately for a way to rescue him, Bensin struggles to stay alive and forge an identity in an environment designed to strip it from him. When he infuriates the authorities with his choices, he knows he is running out of time. Can he stand against the cruelty of the arena system and seize his freedom before that system crushes him?

Click here to read about life in the arena where Bensin and other gladiators are forced to live and train.

Book 3: The Student and the Slave

Is this what freedom is supposed to be like?
 Desperate to provide for himself and his sister Ellie, Bensin searches fruitlessly for work like all the other former slaves in Tarnestra. He needs the money for an even more important purpose, though: to rescue Coach Steene, who sacrificed himself for Bensin’s freedom. When members of two rival street gangs express interest in Bensin’s martial arts skills, he realizes he may have a chance to save his father figure after all … at a cost.

Meanwhile, Steene struggles with his new life of slavery in far-away Neliria. Raymond, his young owner, seizes any opportunity to make his life miserable. But while Steene longs to escape and rejoin Bensin and Ellie, he starts to realize that Raymond needs him too. His choices will affect not only his own future, but that of everyone he cares about. Can he make the right ones … and live with the consequences?

Without further ado, here is an exclusive excerpt from her upcoming release:

In this excerpt, Steene meets some of his new colleagues and learns a little about the family he has been sold to.

A wiry Nelirian man with as much gray in his hair as black picked a spot across the long table from Steene. According to his collar tag, his name was Gerrard. “Steine, huh? I guess you’re my new roommate.” He looked as though he wasn’t sure what he thought of the idea.

“It’s Steene, actually.” Steene felt a flash of irritation at the guy at the auction house who couldn’t be bothered to get his name right. “So what do you do here?”

“I take care of the horses and work with Toby on his riding skills.”


“The second Jeet kid,” put in a woman whose collar declared her name to be Teri. “Probably the second biggest spoiled brat of the family, after Raymond, though that’s a tossup.”

“No, Kenny’s worse,” said someone else. “Have you ever had to clean up after those rodents of his when he lets them loose in the hallway? Try suggesting he keep them in their cages, and you’ll never see an angrier six-year-old.”

An argument broke out as the slaves around them debated which of the three brothers was the biggest jerk. But Gerrard just shrugged. “Toby’s got his faults, certainly, but he loves his horse. It’s hard to hate a kid who loves a good horse. Raymond, though — you’ll have an interesting time with him.” He chuckled.

“But he loves cavvara shil, right?” Nobody who loved a martial art could be too awful to work with.

“Yeah, I guess.” Gerrard shrugged. “But you’ll see what I mean soon enough.”

Click here to order The Student and the Slave from Amazon for $2.99 a discounted price of just 99 cents through November 31st!

About the Author:

Annie Douglass Lima spent most of her childhood in Kenya and later graduated from Biola University in Southern California. She and her husband Floyd currently live in Taiwan, where she teaches fifth grade at Morrison Academy. She has been writing poetry, short stories, and novels since her childhood, and to date has published fifteen books (three YA action and adventure novels, four fantasies, a puppet script, six anthologies of her students’ poetry, and a Bible verse coloring and activity book). Besides writing, her hobbies include reading (especially fantasy and science fiction), scrapbooking, and international travel.

Connect with the Author Online:

Email: AnnieDouglassLima@gmail.com

Blog: http://anniedouglasslima.blogspot.com

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/AnnieDouglassLimaAuthor

Twitter: https://twitter.com/princeofalasia

Goodreads: http://bit.ly/ADLimaOnGoodreads

Amazon Author Page: http://bit.ly/AnnieDouglassLimaOnAmazon

LinkedIn: http://bit.ly/ADLimaOnLinkedIn

Google+: http://bit.ly/ADLimaOnGooglePlus

Launch Day!

We made it guys! It has been a long journey. I started writing The Traveler in February, 2013 and then put it aside into dark corners several times. The story kept haunting me, though, and the few people who actually read it were so enthusiastic about it that I knew it was worth fighting for. I am so glad that I didn’t give up on it. Once the trilogy is finished, it’s going to be one powerful story!


Now for all the thank yous!

First, to my sister who started writing with me in middle school and has helped and supported me ever since!

Thanks also to J.E.Purrazzi, K.L.+Pierce, S.M. Holland, Kyle Robert Shultz, Katelyn Buxton, Daley Downing, Hannah Heath, Emrys Merlin, Claire Banschbach, and Beth Wangler for your active support and assistance!

Thanks to the greater Twitter community for your interest and support!

If you have read my book, take a minute to share your favorite thing about it in the comments!

If you haven’t read it, read The Traveler Chapter 1 for FREE!

On “The Traveler” and Finding Your Place in the World…

Hi guys! I have some thoughts for you today. And they are related to my new book, The Traveler!

I am so excited to release this book to the world, but also a little nervous. Because what if people don’t understand the themes and messages? This book asks some questions that are very important to me, personally. And while I nudge the reader in a direction, I don’t necessarily give easy answers. Because many of these issues have no easy answers. What I hope is that I have created a safe space to work through these questions and imagine different answers in a world that is similar to ours, and yet different enough.

What in the world am I talking about? Well, you’ll have to read the book to find out. (wink, wink) But one thing that I can say is that it looks at finding your place in a world that is very divided.

A long, long time ago, when the world was less interconnected, and before the internet existed, people used to live fairly cohesive lives. I feel like it was more common to grow up in one place, to feel ties to a single community, and it must have been nice to have something of a cohesive identity.

Now people have a real identity and a virtual identity. The internet has connected us to people across the world. And cultures are infusing with one another. None of that is necessarily bad. But does it ever make you feel a little bit fractured? Does it ever make you wonder exactly where you belong? Or is that just me?

I have moved around my whole life and have lived in four different countries. And while there are parts of that I absolutely love, sometimes it also makes me feel like a very small cog in a very large clock. Where exactly, do I belong? More than anything, I have learned that where I live doesn’t matter as much as the person I choose to be. And if any of this resonates with you at all, then you just might like The Traveler.

You know what other book you might like? Two Lives, Three Choices by K.L.+Pierce! 

This is another book that deals with themes of identity, belonging, and choosing to fight for what we believe in. It is a sci-fi book with some fantastical elements and a lot of heart. I dare you to read this story and follow Krysta’s journey without looking into your own soul!

K.L.+Pierce and I figured out our books had a lot of common elements in them and so we decided to team up! Her revised release is coming out September 15th and we will be doing some joint giveaways! That means you can enter to win both of these books for free! What better way to beat the back-to-school blues?

If you are looking to learn more about The Traveler before it comes out, I have good news! Some of my amazing author friends have agreed to host me on their blog. Keep your eyes peeled for a character interview, a character profile, an author interview, and a discussion on themes…

Stories Outside the Norm

For one wild moment, let’s all remember that stories can be told many different ways!

I understand that when someone finds a system that works and sells books and engages readers, there’s good reason to copy that system.

My dad and I were watching an old movie a few months ago and he made a comment about the acting–how it was a little over the top. And I shared this sudden realization with him: “This was in the first days of film. Up until this point theater acting was the norm and you had to do “big” acting so everyone in the audience could be engaged.”

It’s interesting to think how acting has evolved. Because the camera can get up close, actors can convey emotions with great subtlety.

I think the writing industry needs to evolve as well, not only forward but backward. I think filmmaking has made huge bounds forward in finding creative ways to tell stories and I think books can learn from that. But I also think it’s appropriate to go backward sometimes. What do I mean by that?

What about fables? What about analogies? What about stories that are not meant to be realistic, but archetypal? What about myths or legends? In elementary school and middle school, we used to read folklore and mythology from countries around the world and I loved how different they were. They used so many different literary devices to tell the story. I would love to see some of that come back.

“That’s a specific genre,” you say. Pish posh. Realism isn’t a genre, it’s a technique used across genres. What is realism, you ask? Boiled down it’s a writing style that tries to capture the nature of reality and make the reader feel as if he/she is experiencing or witnessing everything. Everything must be “realistic.” Characters must always respond in a way that a real person would. The personal lives of characters are often painted in detail so that the reader understands the choices they make. Because realism started as a reaction to the more “romantic” stories, realism is often characterized by a grim tone, as in, “There are no happily ever afters, this is what life is really like.” This is the type of storytelling dominating our film and book industry. Some people think it is the only way to tell stories. And if you have ever found yourself watching an old movie and thinking, “She would never be that calm in real life,” it is because most of us have come to believe that realism is the only way to tell meaningful stories.

I beg to differ.

What’s so bad about realism? Nothing. It is engaging. The audience can relate to the characters on a personal level because the emotions and struggles and circumstances are so close to what we experience in real life. When done right, stories told with realism are powerful. But I also think it’s a bit overrated.

I think it’s okay to have characters and plots that aren’t necessarily trying to portray reality. I think it’s okay to have characters who are different from anyone you’ve ever known and don’t respond to situations the way most people do. I’ll give you an example.

If any genre has remained immune to the realism obsession, it is arguably fantasy and for good reason. Fantasy already deals with elements outside of reality. I remember when they adapted “The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe” back in 2005. I heard an interview about how they had added certain scenes and conversations between the children because “C.S. Lewis didn’t really know how real children would behave.”

That made me so mad. When I watched the movie it was easy to see which scenes they were talking about. They were mostly arguments. Susan tries to convince Peter to listen to the wolves and leave Narnia when they are halfway to Aslan. And then later on Peter tries to send the other three home before the big battle, to keep them safe. Is it realistic? Yeah, somewhat. Clearly, the screenwriters thought to themselves: “These kids have been thrust into a foreign land with real dangers. The brother is the oldest and is responsible for them in the absence of their parents. Would he really just let them all fight in a battle without trying to protect them?”

But that’s not the point of the story! The point of the story isn’t, “If I were in their shoes, what would I do?” The point of the story is that these four ordinary kids got swept up in something extraordinary, and they didn’t make normal decisions. They became something MORE than what they were. They became MORE than children. And that’s why children love the story! I didn’t love the story because I thought, “That’s super realistic,” but because it inspired me to be braver than I was and take on greater responsibilities!

“That’s just fantasy,” you say. No. It doesn’t have to be. I don’t think all stories have to reflect reality to the last detail. I think it’s okay to skip over parts. I think it’s okay to make things simplistic sometimes. I think it’s okay to make characters slightly unrealistic so that we can contrast them with reality.

Granted, it is easy to play around with these elements in speculative fiction. But I challenge all writers everywhere to incorporate creative elements into their writing. A great example of thinking outside the box is “The Poisonwood Bible” by Barbara Kingsolver. She writes in great detail about this family with four daughters and their reactions and mishaps as they try to adjust to living in Africa. But part way through the book you start realizing that the family isn’t just a family, but an archetype for the political state of the nation. You slowly watch this family grow up and go their separate ways. At the same time, you watch the politics of the nation progress, and you can’t help noticing the similarities and differences.

What do you guys think? Do you know what I’m talking about or did none of that make sense?

Do you have any great examples of current fiction that experiments with storytelling elements?

Don’t Leave Your Readers Stuck in the Middle

I think we all know it’s important to hook your readers early on. But what happens after that? I love stories. When I hear the premise for a story my mind runs off in a million directions, imagining all the possibilities. So it isn’t too hard to hook me. But lately I’ve run into a string of books that nearly lost me another way: the middle got boring.

I don’t think introductions are all that hard. Almost everything is interesting when it is new. Characters can often be more engaging the first time you meet them. Granted, it can be difficult to craft a seamless, engaging, well-balanced beginning. But even just an average one will often do the trick. But I think it is even more telling what you do after your hook your reader. What happens when the newness wears off?

This is probably one of the places where the author’s experience, or inexperience, really shows. This is where I can usually tell if the author is a natural storyteller or not, and if they are using an outline or trailblazing (I don’t like the word “pantser”).

Everybody knows what needs to happen in the opening (hook your reader). Everybody knows what needs to happen in the climax. And the rising action leading up the climax is often the most fun to write: tension, action, drama, suspense etc. But that little stretch of text between the beginning and the rising action is a tricky, tricky spot. It is a literary doldrums. As a reader, the momentum of the beginning will often carry me up to 15-20% (yes, I’ve been reading mostly e-books lately). But I run into the literary doldrums from 20% even up to 75%.

By now you’re all ready for me to give the magic solution, right? Sorry, I don’t have that! But I do have some tips and suggestions. Ready?


This is perhaps the most obvious solution. You know those books that people can’t put down and they stay up until 3:00 am to finish them? Those authors jump into the rising action right away. They saturate their books with suspense and tension from the beginning. I like these books as much as the next person. But I am also glad this is not the only type of book. A lot of my favorite books are slow-build. The rest of these tips will address slower-pace books.


Repeat that word over and over to yourself. The main plotline has to develop slowly, otherwise, this’ll be a short story or novella. But that doesn’t mean we can’t have fun in the meantime. A recent poll on Twitter surprised me by revealing that most people prefer a slow and steady build rather than a break-neck pace from page one. This gives me hope for humanity 😉 But that doesn’t mean your book needs to be boring. Let the reader go on mini adventures as the BIG adventure slowly brews.


This is a perfect time to put your characters to work. They’ve been introduced. But don’t wait until the rising action to add depth to them. People will keep reading if they like your characters. This is a perfect time to take some of your minor characters on subplot adventures. You can save the juicy stuff for your MC, if you want, but that leaves plenty for the minor characters.

Reader Gratification 

This isn’t a must, but it’s very pleasant when it’s done successfully. It can be pretty amazing when subplots intersect/interact with the climax. It makes you feel like a mastermind as an author and leaves the reader in awe. But you don’t have to do it that way. You can tie up some of those subplots rather quickly. This is one way to earn reader trust. If you show them you can successfully take them on a “mini-adventure” from start to finish, they’ll be more likely to trust you, and they’ll anticipate the major plot arc. When I’m reading a new author and I hit the literary doldrums, and there are no subplots, I begin to wonder if the climax and resolution will even be worth it. If you successfully execute the full arc of a subplot in the first half of the book, it shows your writing credentials. It can also give your reader a sense of progress (especially for longer books i.e. Dickens style). As a reader, I don’t like the feeling of chipping away and not getting anywhere.

WARNING: These subplots can be tricky, though. They should never be confused for the main plot. If a novice author tackles this wrong, the reader will feel like the main conflict has subsided and wonder why he/she needs to keep reading. Uh oh!! Red alert! Make sure you put in compelling hooks for the big plot arc!!

So those are my thoughts on literary doldrums. What are yours? Have you seen any of your favorite authors use these devices? Do you have any advice to add? Join the conversation below!


My 5 Favorite Character Types

Tropes or not, I can’t get enough of these characters (when they’re done well)…

The Character Whose Bark is Worse Than His/Her Bite 

Why? Grumpy people used to scare me when I was younger. I was delighted to find out that a lot of them are softies on the inside. This discovery never gets old for me. 😀


P.L. Travers from Saving Mr. Banks. She’s pretty prickly, but it gets me every time she yells at them for turning Mr. Banks into a monster.

The Doctor from Voyager. He is one of my favorite Star Trek characters ever. Snobby, smug, critical, grumpy, but has a good heart.

The Obviously-Hurting Character Who Acts Tough 

Nobody likes jerks. It’s easy to dismiss them and not try to understand them. But people don’t act out of a vacuum. This character type can be easily romanticized. There’s not much romantic about it, but these guys are interesting and complex.

Example: (Why could I only think of one? I know there are more! Maybe I’m thinking of real life. I’ve met so many people like this in real life!!haha)

Jim Hawkins from Treasure Planet. He’s an adrenaline junkie and he tries to act tough, but deep down inside he’s insecure and wounded because his father left him.

The Quiet, Gentle Character with Hidden Strengths 

They fight their battles bravely, but rarely get the credit they deserve. I firmly maintain that kindness and gentleness are superpowers.


Sergeant Lipton from Band of Brothers. Quiet, humble, and understated he does his duty faithfully and holds the loyalty and respect of all the men.

Cinderella from the 2015 release of Cinderella. I love how they made her strong in her kindness. She chooses to stay in her home and be kind to her step mothers and step sisters in honor of her parents.

The Leader Who Faces His/Her Duty Without Shirking

It’s easy to run away from problems, avoid them, pawn them off to others, or try to manipulate them. I love the leaders who face their demons boldly, sacrifice for those under them, and show the best that humanity has to offer.


Aragorn from The Lord of the Rings. He patiently pursues his destiny as the heir of Gondor. He serves Frodo and the Fellowship humbly and willingly. He knows how to lead and how to sacrifice.

Captain Winters from Band of Brothers. Maybe not super impressive at first glance, he proves a very competent commanding officer. When he is promoted he struggles with his position because he’d rather be with his men at the front.

Captain Janeway from Star Trek: Voyager. She’s unflinchingly brave. She commands confidently, is fiercely protective of her crew, and is always willing to lay down her life for others.

The Reformed Bad Guy, Who Feels Guilty for His/Her Past 

I shouldn’t take pleasure in other peoples’ guilt. If you haven’t noticed already, I like complicated characters. Plus it’s nice to know that people can be redeemed. And something in me relates to the theme that we’re haunted by our mistakes. Plus, there’s often a refreshing humility to these characters.


Black Widow from a million Marvel movies, but especially Avengers I and II. She likes fighting for the good guys. She believes in the cause of good. She always carries the burdens of her past, but they help her make the right decisions (for the most part).

Edmund Pevensie from The Chronicles of Narnia. He betrays his brother and sisters and Aslan, but receives forgiveness. That’s why he is able to extend forgiveness to Eustace in The Voyage of the Dawn Treader (one of my favorite scenes in the entire series!).

Do you guys know of other characters who fit these categories? What characters would you love to see more of?

Have I written any of these characters, you ask? Why yes, yes I have. And if you can correctly categorize my characters in the comment section, I’ll send you a virtual cookie!

Why Your Setting is Not Made Up of Adjectives

This is a throwback post, originally published about a year ago. 

Gasp. What?! What about all of those writing workshops where we stuffed one hundred adjectives into every sentence?

I am not saying there is no value in learning how to be descriptive and expand your vocabulary. But you can describe every single detail of a scene and still lose your reader. Why is that?

Continue reading “Why Your Setting is Not Made Up of Adjectives”

An Open Letter About My Book “Out of Darkness”

Oh, the joys of the internet! I tend to be a private person. I’m not much of a sharer in my day-to-day life, even with friends I trust. So you can imagine how guarded I tend to be on the internet. But then I remember that I actually published two books which arguably bare my soul. Talk about vulnerability. So if I’ve put my work out for the world to see, I might as well dissect it a little bit so people understand my message clearly, right?

Some people are attracted to my debut novel, Out of Darkness because it looks ‘dark.’ But I know that others shy away from it. I’m okay with that. I know that not everybody will like it or understand it and I have to accept that. But I also wanted to put a clear statement out so that people don’t misunderstand what I represent.

My intention is not to glorify violence. 

There is a lot of that going on these days and I don’t like it. I will turn a program off or stop reading a book if I think that’s what it is doing. But simply depicting violence is not the same as glorifying it. Sometimes violence is just an honest part of the story. Even in that case, I don’t think it’s necessary to go into graphic detail. But sometimes violence is an analogy for something more. In The Lord of the Rings, we recognize that the gory battles are symbolic for the battle of good against evil in this world. Tolkien may not describe them in gory detail, but that’s what they are and there is no getting around that. But he uses them masterfully as a backdrop to get his messages of hope across.

I did not grow up in America. I grew up in a place where violence was very real. And by the age of six, I understood the atrocities men commit against each other. So I hope no one ever accuses me of taking violence lightly. Now you’re all thinking that Out of Darkness is a bloody war saga. It really isn’t, I promise! But there is some violence (non-graphic) and there are definitely some scenes on the dark side. But they only exist to amplify the light at the end (thus the title!).

I also want to add that, like Tolkien, the fighting and the struggles are symbolic of very real emotional battles that I have experienced. It would be too real to write the actual account. And so I created this science-fiction-parable of sorts to convey the emotional equivalent and show how hope can still come out of brokenness. 

It’s interesting…I started working at a behavioral treatment center for at-risk teenagers after I wrote this book. These were girls who had been abused, traumatized, and cast off by the world. They were victimized by people they trusted and eventually learned to victimize themselves. It was heartbreaking. I spent two years de-escalating them, telling them they didn’t have to be victims, encouraging their talents and skills, and trying to help them see the world through a different lens.

And that’s when I realized I really needed to publish this book. Because there is so much content out there that is sending all the wrong messages: you are a victim of your circumstances, bad choices don’t have consequences, rebellion for rebellion’s sake is cool, and “you only live once” so make stupid decisions. Most adults dismiss it as “entertainment.” But believe me when I tell you that teenagers are hearing and seeing these messages and they are acting out on them.

So I wrote this book to answer questions in my own heart:

-Am I a victim of my circumstances?

-When people make decisions that affect my life (which I have no control over), can I still find a way to be my own person?

But in truth, I published it for all of the girls I worked with, who I still dream about, and who I pray every day are not lying dead somewhere.

If you made it this far, thank you for listening! I know that many of you are writers and authors trying to put positive messages out into a dark world and I salute you for that! Let’s keep fighting together.

Click here to find out more about the actual plot of the book.

If you’d like to start a conversation, leave a comment below, or feel free to e-mail me: ebdawsonwriting@gmail.com


Beth Dawson

5 Keys to Writing Stories Full of Feels

You may think this is a strange topic. But “feels” in books is a legitimate trend. When I first started writing I had no concept of what “feels” were and very little interest in writing them. For some reason I wanted my writing to be high, intellectual, and dry. I wanted to move the readers with emotion–but a distant, dignified emotion. In other words, I didn’t really know what I was doing.

Granted, most authors write to evoke emotions in their readers. Some aim too high and it turns out sappy. Some aim too low and settle for an exciting plot with no meat. Many misjudge the expectations and timing. My breakthrough came when I realized I needed to be more vulnerable in my writing. My characters were too perfect, or their struggles were unrelatable, or I wouldn’t let them be real people.

So what are feels, and how do you write them into your book? Well, here’s my simple definition: unlocking the reader’s deepest sympathies. But how do you do this?

Setting up Expectations– You need the reader to invest in the story personally. One way to do this is to set up their expectations ahead of time. There is something about the human mind that recognizes patterns and appreciates familiarity. If you have listened to classical music at all, you may know that the composer often puts echoes and pieces of the main theme into the music early on. That way, when the grand climax comes and the main theme is played, the audience has already heard hints of it and it will invoke a more emotional response.

Not only that. But you want to get the reader’s imagination working for you. Yes, it’s fun to surprise the reader and there is a time for that. But it’s even more fun to get the reader to say, “I knew it!” That makes them take ownership of the plotting process. This means a lot of work for you. You have to give them just enough clues and hints to lead them down the right direction without being painfully obvious. Subtlety is key. Don’t rush through all of your introduction and rising action. Take the time to sprinkle plenty of foreshadowing, hints, and implications. Make the reader guess which ones will be fulfilled.

Timing– This one is huge and can be pretty difficult to pull off perfectly. This is the one that I probably labor over the most. The trouble with this guy is that as an author, I am immediately biased, especially when I am working on my third draft. The action plays out very different when you are on your first read, versus your third read. So it can be tricky to look back and try and guess exactly where the reader’s emotions are at any particular point. But I would say, the more you write, the more confident you will be in this aspect. It will start to come more instinctively. Although this one can particularly hard to pull off right, it is my favorite. That’s why my first book Out of Darkness, has a non-linear plot. I set it up so that the MC’s emotional climax is revealed directly before the action climax of the book, even though it takes place some time before.

Authenticity– This one surprised me a little. I wouldn’t have started writing if I didn’t have very personal things to express. But I wrapped them under layers of science fiction. And I have to add that it is incredibly different to create characters that feel like real people at all times. Dialogue seems easy at first. After all, you are the author! You know what each character is thinking at all times. The trouble is that real life is not like that. People speak without knowing what the other person is going to say. It can be difficult to mimic that in dialogue. That is why dialogue so often fails, and poor dialogue is one of the biggest reasons readers put a book down. My writing improved by leaps and bounds after I worked a high-conflict job for eighteen months. I saw how people really respond when they are emotional, angry, or afraid. And it has allowed me to infuse my characters with real motivations and honest reactions.

Reader Gratification– This one is semi-controversial. There is still that school of thought out there that insists the reader is your enemy and you cannot give them what they want. Maybe this is appropriate for some genres (I really don’t know). I can see it earning you the reader’s respect. But I don’t think it’s going to earn you any feels. In a sense, reader gratification is exactly what gives the “feels.” You set up the reader’s expectations, you create an emotional connection with the characters, you take the reader on a heart-pounding journey where they are afraid everything is going to fall apart, and then you come in with the gratification.

Now, it’s important to remember that this doesn’t always mean happily ever after, or everything turns out fine. Sometimes it means you make them cry over what could have been. But there has to be meaning in the choices you make. Readers are going to reel from the senseless death of a loved character in a similar way they might reel from bad news in real life. Life is full of bad news and tragedy and it’s hard to always find the meaning in it. If you are aiming for “feels” you have to put meaning in your story for your readers. Give them closure. Give them something to hold onto!

Round it Out– The best stories have a combination of feels. Don’t center all of your feels on one relationship, or one plot revelation. If you set up a plethora of subplots and sub-conflicts, and you handle them well, then by the end of the story you have a whole smorgasbord to choose from! You can make eight turn out well and have two end sadly and still leave your reader on a high note. And you know what? They will probably love that even more than happy endings across the board because it feels like real life. One of the very best ways to earn reader trust and loyalty is to successfully navigate them through sorrow.

So there’s a glimpse into writing a story with plenty of feels. Do you guys have any thoughts?

Storytelling vs Plotting

Do you know anyone really good at storytelling? I’m not talking about writing a novel, but just telling a story to a group of friends. Some people have natural instincts about what will keep their audience engaged. They know what information to leave out until the last minute. They know what to emphasize and when to use hyperbole. In high school I was not this person. My personal stories were uninteresting. But after a good deal of observation, I’m proud to tell you that I have learned how to make my own odd adventures entertaining to other people. Why is this important?

It has come to my attention recently that plotting and storytelling are two very different things. Some authors plot their novels. (For the purpose of this blog post, “plotting” refers to a very structured outline method). Other authors tell stories. Now, I’m not going to come right out and say that one method is better than another. But I prefer one method to another.

I know authors who plot vigorously and are quite successful. They know all the elements that a story needs and they insert them strategically into their story to yield the best outcome. This is probably the smart and safe way to write books. When you count on proven methods and statistics of what readers like, you are a bit more assured of gaining a following. But there is also such a thing as a wild story, that does not heed the rules and yet still manages to entertain. I tend to gravitate toward the unpredictable, the emotional, and even the unbalanced. It’s like the difference between traditional and abstract art. If you follow the rules for traditional painting, and you practice a great deal, you can be pretty confident that you will portray the scene you are painting, and viewers will appreciate it.

I am not much of a plotter. I follow the tones and colors of my story. That doesn’t mean I don’t care about plot. My stories often include intricate plot. But I focus on the emotional journey of the characters. I write by instinct. And this instinct has been painfully developed over the past fifteen years. I love it when I find it in other authors too.

What about you? Do you have a preference between plotting and storytelling? Can you tell the difference? Sometimes I read a book or watch a movie and I can almost see the outline the writer used. (I hate that)